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Was Aleister Crowley a Satanist? Was Aleister Crowley a Satanist?

It is not uncommon to read the name Aleister Crowley linked to Satanism or Devil-worship. Various statements made by Crowley, or attributed to him, are used as proof that he was the archetypal Satanist. This stance is taken by many Christians, and it is no surprise that many Satanists claim Crowley as one of their diabolic brethren. However, there are many occultists who reject the belief of Crowley-the-Satanist. Many of these occultists are Thelemites, followers of Crowley’s magickal system of Thelema, however there are some Satanic groups who also reject the idea of Crowley being a Satanist.

Born Edward Alexander Crowley on 12 October 1875 in Warwickshire, England, he went on to become an influential member of several occult organizations, including the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn, and the Ordo Templi Orientis. He was a prolific writer who has had an undisputed impact on modern occultism, and in his time garnered a great deal of notoriety as the self-professed Great Beast of Revelations.

Many of the people claiming that Crowley was a Satanist base their assumptions on literal interpretations of his writings. It is clear that some of Crowley’s writings were extremely anti-Christian, and Crowley claimed that Friedrich Nietzsche, a vehement anti-Christian, could be considered one of the prophets of Thelema. In Liber AL vel Legis, Crowley’s central holy book for Thelema, we find the lines:

“51. With my Hawk’s head I peck at the eyes of Jesus as he hangs upon the cross.
52. I flap my wings in the face of Mohammed & blind him.
53. With my claws I tear out the flesh of the Indian and the Buddhist, Mongol and Din.
54. Bahlasti! Ompehda! I spit on your crapulous creeds.
55. Let Mary inviolate be torn upon wheels: for her sake let all chaste women be utterly despised among you!”

To many Christians this is clearly “Satanic” and highly offensive, as it is to Muslims and Buddhists also. However, to be anti-Christian doesn’t make someone a Satanist per se, and doesn’t indicate that the person identifies with the popular conceptions of Satanists.

There are various apologists for Crowley’s cruder writings and anti-Christian sentiments. In The Eye in the Triangle, Israel Regardie, a student of Crowley, suggested that “anyone who says Crowley was a Satanist and a devil-worshipper should have his head examined.”

Julius Evola, in his book Mask and Face of Contemporary Spiritualism, suggested that:

“It is however necessary to see that Crowley did not put Satan in the place of God, given the high regard in which he held traditions, like the Kabbalah, which venerated a divinity… Finally, … the ostentatious Satanism of Crowley is explained only in terms of an antithesis to Christianity whose doctrine condemned the senses and the integral achievement of man, however, in his case, with an initiatic and ‘magical’ basis rather than naturalistic.”

The claim of Crowley as Satanist is exemplified by Crowley’s literary executor and biographer, John Symonds, writing his book The Great Beast, that:

“Crowley’s philosophy takes a bit from here and a bit from there… but… he was more a Satanist than anything else. ‘I serve my great Master Satan’, he wrote in one of his franker confessions, ‘and that august Council composed of Beelzebub, Lucifuge, Asmodeus, Belphegor, Baal, Adrammelech, Lilith and Nahema.’”

Crowley wrote of being the servant of Satan, “the Devil, our Lord … whose number of magick is 666, the seal of his servant the Beast” in his ritual for the Attainment of Knowledge and Conversation of his Holy Guardian Angel (Shaitan-Aiwaz). Kenneth Grant, another student of Crowley, wrote that: “this whole ritual is an invocation of Shaitan (Satan) or Set”. It is easy to see how The Great Beast 666 gained the reputation as a Satanist and hardcore anti-Christian.

Aleister Crowley died in a Hastings boarding house, 1 December 1947 aged 72. He was cremated in Brighton and his funeral service included the reading of Crowley’s own poem, Hymn to Pan. Local newspapers called the service a black mass, furthering the Great Beasts image as a Satanist.

The simple answer to the question of Aleister Crowley having been a Satanist is that there is no definitive answer. It is not possible to ask Crowley how he viewed himself (except perhaps at a séance), and even if he made one claim or another, it would be difficult to determine whether he simply wanted to create an image and reputation for himself or whether he genuinely upheld these views. Crowley was a complex figure, whose writings where often unclear or veiled in symbolism and metaphor. It is left up to the reader to decide how they choose to view Crowley, the man, the myth, the occultist.

History of the Kybalion

The Kybalion: A Study of The Hermetic Philosophy of Ancient Egypt and Greece was published in 1908 and claimed to contain the essence of the teachings of Hermes Trismegistus (Hermeticism). Many of the ideas in the Kybalion are actually modern concepts found in the New Thought movement.

Authorship

The Kybalion is credited to the authorship of “Three Initiates” who chose to remain anonymous. As such, there is only speculation about who the actual authors of the book really are.

The following people are commonly suggested as authors, either alone, or working together:

William Walker Atkinson. He was known to use various pseudonyms was the owner of the “Yogi Publication Society of Chicago” who published The Kybalion. He was known to have self published various other works. The main evidence is that he had earlier published a series entitled The Arcane Teachings, which has some similarities to The Kybalion. For example, while The Kybalion examines seven “Hermetic Principles”, The Arcane Teachings explores seven “Arcane Laws”. Likewise, The Kybalion is said to be an elucidation of an ancient, unpublished Hermetic text called The Kybalion, and The Arcane Teachings claims to reveal the wisdom of an ancient, unpublished scroll of occult aphorisms. Both books describe the three “Great Planes” of reality which are subdivided into the seven lesser planes and the also both describe three of the lesser planes as “astral black keys” analogous to the black keys on a piano, and inhabited by elemental spirits. Further, both of these books describe a process of “Mental Alchemy” which are almost in complete agreement with each other.

Paul Foster CaseMichael Whitty and Charles Atkins, (chiefs of the Thoth Hermes temple of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn). It is often claimed, sometimes by members of the Builders of the Adytum, that Case was one of the authors of The Kybalion. The Fraternity of Hidden Light are likely the originators of this claim. Case was certainly a notable author of this period of time, and had a good knowledge of the concepts and principles outlined in The Kybalion. The first seven lessons from the Builders of the Adytum study course talk of similar concepts to The Kybalion. The lessons were originally written by Paul Foster Case, and later additional information was added by Ann Davies. It is impossible to tell if The Kybalion influenced the lessons, or offers evidence that Case (or Davies) were involved in writing The Kybalion.

Other people suggested to be co-authors of The Kybalion include: Harriet Case (Paul Foster Case was her husband at the time The Kybalion was written), Ann Davies (who was the head of B.O.T.A. after Paul Foster Case), Mabel Collins (a Theosophical writer), Claude Bragdon (a writer on “mystic geometry” and a known Theosophist), and Claude Alexander (a stage magician, mentalist, proponent of crystal gazing, and New Thought author).

Influences

Herbert Spencer, an English philosopher, is referenced in The Kybalion, and is said to have shown a good understanding of Hermetic Principles. Spencer is said to have been a reincarnation of a 5th Century BCE Greek philosopher, Heraclitus.

Thomson Jay Hudson, a psychical researcher is mentioned in the chapter on Mental Gender. Hudson formulated the Three Laws of Psychic Phenomena, which was published in 1893. He is well known for his theories of the subjective and objective mind.

Hudson’s three laws are as follows:

  1. Man has two minds: the objective mind (conscious) and the subjective mind (subconscious).
  2. The subjective mind is constantly amenable to control by suggestion.
  3. The subjective mind is incapable of inductive reasoning.

William Walker Atkinson, influential in the New Thought Movement, and credited with authorship with The Arcane Teachings. If The Kybalion was not written by Atkinson or adapted from the The Arcane Teachings, then it would appear likely that this series was influential in the development and philosophy of The Kybalion.

Rama Prasad, a Theosophist and author of the classic book Nature’s Finer Forces, published 1894, may have had some influence on the Kybalion, if for no other reason that The Kybalion’s author choosing to mention the use of the term “Nature’s Finer Forces” when talking of seven sub-planes of the Plane of Energy.

Hermes Trismegistus, perhaps only a mythical influence. The Kybalion has many influences from Hermetic Philosophy. The Kybalion uses the Hermetic Axiom “As above, so below; as below, so above” which is found in the Emerald Tablet.

Derivative works

Divine Magic: The Seven Sacred Secrets of Manifestation by Doreen Virtue, Ph.D. This book claims to present a more modern version of The Kybalion and includes a companion meditation CD. The author claims that one can learn to master one’s moods, release negativity, manifest “higher levels of abundance”, and attract new opportunities into one’s life with the aid of the teachings of The Kybalion. This is similar to the Law of Attraction popularly marketed as The Secret (book and movie). It is no surprise that William Walker Atkinson, a possible author of The Kybalion also wrote a book in 1906 entitled Thought Vibration or the Law of Attraction in the Thought World.

Summum, an esoteric organization. This group rewrote The Kybalion to incorporate the Principle of Creation, which they claim to be the grand principle underlying the existence of The ALL, and the source from which the previously detailed seven Principles emanate.

Water Softeners in Acient Times

It transforms hard water into so-called soft water. The reduction of the mineral content leads to a transformation. The heavy water contains mainly calcium and magnesium metal and sometimes bicarbonates and sulfates. Soft water, on the other hand, is a type of water in which this mineral content is practically nonexistent.

The method was used in ancient times to reduce calcium, magnesium and, in some cases, manganese and iron (II) dissolved in hard water. The truth is that the conditioner is a chemically rigid water return system in soft water. Should you pick this water softener is the question many people try to find answers to.

Softners substitute the calcium and magnesium content in hard water with sodium. Sodium does not accumulate in the tubes and does not react to soap. This means that the effects of raw water are eliminated. The principle of the softening system is easy to understand. Rough water penetrates the water softener. It contains a layer of plastic balls and in some cases, the material used is called zeolite. The material layer in the water balsam is saturated with sodium ions. Sodium is exchanged for hard water, calcium, and magnesium. When the water comes out of the conditioner, it is called soft water.

At one point, the plastic beads or the zeolite layer are only saturated with calcium and magnesium ions. This is followed by a regeneration process in which the water with high sodium content is mixed to form a strong saline solution. Sodium ions, in turn, replace calcium and magnesium ions that eventually flow into the drainage channel.

Conventional table salt is cheap. Salt or sodium chloride is a source of sodium for water softeners. A lot of salt costs something. It is a good source of sodium that is used in the water softener. The water softening system utilizes several cylindrical tanks and large square tanks. The tanks store the already treated water and the tank is used for the salt used in the process. The number of tanks depends on the energy and the system itself.

When installed at home or at home, the softening system is located at the main entrance of the sanitary system. In this installation method, all the water entering the house has already been cleaned.

Water softening systems are of two types. One is an electric balm for a tank. This type is not only expensive but also a system with a few drawbacks. Soft water can last until the system uses a tank. This can also lead to inconveniences, as this type requires high pressure. The night brings great pressure. Noise from the motor operation is not desired during these hours.

The double hydraulic tank is another conditioner. This type ensures a constant supply of soft water to the household. Two tanks alternately perform softening and regeneration processes. Thus, there is no chance of evacuating the supply of soft water.

Salt containers should be filled regularly. Most softeners have no salinity indicator. It is a wise decision to regularly check the salt level to avoid contamination of the water tanks. Conditioners work continuously without salt, which can lead to contamination of the tanks.

Saltwater softening systems are not 100% efficient. The calcium and magnesium content of the water is only 75% removed. The salt-based conditioner also releases a large amount of calcium chloride solution into the environment. Which of the two water softener? Both ancient and modern softners are good but the modern ones are the best.

Ancient Occult Weapons

Throughout the history of humankind, there has been a development of occult weapons. Some of them are recurring ideas that have survived several renaissances and purges over time. There are four classical elements that are actually symbolized by the popular elemental weapons. The earth, water, air, and fire are the powerful forces that are represented in the mystic traditions along with tools such as warlock scout rifle that is capable of harnessing the powerful forces that they symbolize.

The four popular elemental weapons represent the powerful forces, but there are probabilities of favoring one elemental weapon over than others, which can be a mistake. Like overemphasizing on earth’s elemental weapons can lead to hoarding and pathological greed. While focusing exclusively on fire elemental weapons would easily lead to burnout in terms of personal sense and externally such as your career, education, and relationships. Air and its elemental daggers will lead to communication breakdown and this will be visible when you see people taking down each other by cutting remarks. And finally, water is an element that symbolizes emotions can be destructive in case we don’t contain it properly.

Basically, all the four aspects of the ancient occult weapons can be useless without relying on each other. These four elements and their symbolic weapons are meaningful when it is emotionally intelligent, willpower and resources to manifest them. If you want to wield any of these 4 elemental weapons, you need to know how each works with others and use it to slay your serious internal enemies.

Here are the four popular classical elements used in ancient times:
1. Earth Pentacle
Earth is mostly associated with the life and physicality and symbolizes the ceremonial magic known as Pentacle that resembles a smaller disc with relevant symbols and runes which are engraved onto it. You’ll find Pentacles quite small and are usually worn as talismans for attracting good fortunes to fighting off dangerous spirits. Pentacles are referred by some people as coins that represent currency which will manifest in one’s will. Earth is an element you should go to whenever you want things to start happening for you to get tangible results.

2. Fire Wand
When you invoke the earth to manifest the result, then its Fire that you need to achieve them. It symbolizes passion, willpower, and assertiveness. Fire will get the work done and its representation by magician’s wand. These wands are believed to possess magician power, but the real truth is that they’re just a conduit for the magician’s will A good example, they say a pen is more powerful than a sword. That means, your opportunities are just around you and not confined in a wooden stick.

3. Air Dagger
We know fire represents willpower and passion, however, Air brings the intelligence that is needed by the passion to be effective. Air is actually represented by a sword or dagger Some of the popular blades include, satire, sarcasm, and parody. The sword is used to cut the ignorance and falsehood. This includes deceptions and lies that are used to manipulate others and ignorance about your faults and weakness.

4. Water Chalice
The Earth, Air, and Fire all symbolizes powerful forces, but water can take any form since it can be beneficial and dangerous too. As a classical element, water is mostly associated with emotions. We know emotions can provide beautiful art and also worst acts that a mankind can offer. The Chalice is a symbol that contains emotions and empathy to help control one’s self.